Auto Union AG, Chemnitzwas an amalgamation of four German automobile manufacturers, founded in and established in in ChemnitzSaxony. It is the immediate predecessor of Audi as it is known today. The Silver Arrows of the two German teams Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union dominated not only GP car racing from onwards but set records that would take decades to beat, such as the fastest speed ever attained on a public road at The company's distinctive logo, of four interlocking rings to represent the original four members of the Auto Union, survives as the logo of Audi.
Auto Union was formed in Germany in  merging:. At the same time, six-cylinder and four-cylinder licensed from Peugeot models were manufactured. In the Saxony Regional Bank, which had financed Rasmussen's business expansion in the s, installed Richard Bruhn on the board of Audiwerke AGand there followed a brutal pruning and rationalization of the various auto-businesses that Rasmussen had accumulated.
The outcome was the founding in Summer of Auto Union AG with just four component businesses, being Zschopauer Motorenwerke with its brand DKW, Audi, Horch and the car producing piece of Wanderer,  brought together under the umbrella of single shareholder company Auto Auto Union Company Catalogo.
Auto Union chairman, Klaus, Baron von Oertzenwanted a showpiece project to announce the new brand. At fellow director's Adolf Rosenberger insistence, von Oertzen met with Dr. German racing driver Hans Stuck Sr. They resembled the earlier Benz Tropfenwagenalso built in part by Rumpler engineers,  The only Grand Prix racers to wear Auto Union's four-ringed Qiagen Company Location, they were particularly dominant in The fuel tank was located in the centre of the car, directly behind the driver who would be placed well towards the frontso the car's front-rear weight distribution would remain unchanged as fuel was used — exactly the same location used in modern open-wheel racing cars, and for the same reason.
The chassis tubes were initially used as water carriers from the radiator to the engine, but this was eventually abandoned after they often sprung small leaks. The list of drivers for the initial season was headed by Stuck; he won the GermanSwissand Czechoslovakian events, along with wins in a number of hill climbsbecoming European Mountain Champion. Stuck won the Italian Grand Prix, plus his usual collection of hill-climb wins, again taking the European Mountain Championship.
The new sensation, Rosemeyer, won the Czech Grand Prix. He was crowned European Champion Auto Union's only win of the driver's championshipand also took the European Mountain Championship. Inthe car was basically unchanged and did surprisingly well against the new Mercedes-Benz Wwinning five races to the seven of Mercedes-Benz.
Rudolf Hasse won the Belgian Grand Prix. Tazio Nuvolari joined the team, and won the Italian and Donington Grands Prix, in what was otherwise a thin year for the team, other than yet another European Mountain Championship for Stuck. The buildup and onset of World War II encouraged the development and production of special vehicles for military purposes in the s. Auto Union became an important supplier of vehicles to Germany's armed forces. After this, the company produced exclusively for military purposes.
The all-wheel drive Kfz. The U. After withdrawal of the U. The company exploited slave labor at Leitmeritz concentration camp. According to a report commissioned by the company, Auto Union bore "moral responsibility" for the 4, deaths that occurred at Leitmeritz.
Inon the orders of the Soviet Military Administration in Germanythe factories were dismantled as war reparations while the racing cars found stored in a colliery were returned to Moscow for reverse engineering.
Following this, Auto Union AG assets were liquidated without compensation. The former Audi factory in Zwickau, now under East German control, restarted assembly of the pre-war models in The factory went on to manufacture the infamous Trabant until the early s, when it was acquired by Volkswagen, effectively re-establishing its connection with Auto Union and Audi. With the Red Army quickly advancing on Zwickau immediately after the war, and faced with the prospect of trying to salvage what was left of the company, Auto Union's executives had no option but to flee and re-establish the company on Western side of the partitioned Germany.
Thus a new Auto Union company was launched in IngolstadtBavaria with loans from the Bavarian state government and Marshall Plan aid. The Ingolstadt facility had been run purely as a spare parts operation sinceAuto Union Company Catalogo eventually the directors found the funding to restart production — initially in a converted granary building in the town.
The luxury focused Audi and Horch brands were placed into dormancy, whilst Wanderer had been the property of its original parent firm. Auto Union therefore continued DKW's tradition of producing affordable front-wheel drive vehicles with two-stroke engines. In it saw the return of the Auto Union brand, represented by the Auto Uniona small saloon.
Under Daimler-Benz ownership the company invested heavily in the Ingolstadt plant. The DKW and Mercedes brands were able to establish a greater presence in the North American market by an agreement with the Studebaker-Packard Corporation in which through was the only distributor in the United States.
Many dealers today can trace their origin back to being Studebaker-Packard dealerships. However, as prosperity began to return to West Germany, and as West German products gained Everett Fence Company currency through export to the rest of Europe and North America, Daimler became increasingly worried that Auto Union's only market for its two-stroke products, without massive investment, would be impoverished East Germany.
They began selling shares, which with the agreed help of the West German Government, were acquired by Volkswagenwerk AG. InVolkswagen acquired the factory in Ingolstadt and the trademark rights of Auto Union, with the exception of the dormant Horch brand which Daimler-Benz retained. A programme that Daimler had initiated at Auto Union created a range of cars that would subsequently provide the basis for Volkswagen 's line of front-wheel-drive models, such as the Audi 80 and Volkswagen Passat.
At the time a new model, internally designated Fwas under development. Volkswagen abandoned the DKW brand because of association with two-stroke engines, effectively leaving Volkswagen with the Audi brand. The new model was launched in September as simply the "Audi. NSU then focused on new rotary engines based on the ideas of Felix Wankel. Inthe new NSU Ro 80 was Vayam Technologies Company Review space-age car, well ahead of its time in technical details such as aerodynamics, light weight, and safety but teething problems with the rotary engines put an end to the independence of NSU.
In MayPorsche gained majority control of Volkswagen Group and proposed a merger of the two companies. Rumors began to appear in the press the name Auto Union would be revived for the new group holding company.
Although Auto Union used the four ring logo, it was only used on Auto Union racing cars in that period, while the member companies used their own names and emblems. There is also a version of logo that uses both overlapping and interlocking rings. From Wikipedia, the free Pure Dance Company. Former type.
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