It was its original division, founded in by Sidney Harman and Bernard Kardon. In the early Zegna Company, Sidney Harman was the general manager of the David Bogen Company, a manufacturer of public address systems at the time.

Bernard Kardon was the chief engineer at Bogen. Due to management changes at Bogen in the early s, both Harman International Audio Company resigned. In the s Harman Kardon designed some of the first high fidelity audio products that lent to starting the high fidelity business.

Integrated receivers with a tuner, preamplifier and power amplifier was an idea to introduce and provide high fidelity performance in a single unit. Integrated high fidelity receivers, however, were not new Veritas Company Review Scott Radio Laboratories had manufactured such items in the late s. One year after its founding, inHarman Kardon introduced their compact size high fidelity receiver, the Festival D This monaural unit was aimed to introduce non-technical consumers to high fidelity and combined many now-familiar features such as a tunercomponent control unit and amplifier in a single chassis.

The shape, form function and size of the D was a forerunner of the modern integrated receiver. Early Harman Kardon Hi-Fi equipment can be identified by a distinctive design of a copper plated chassis with a copper and black color scheme for panels and enclosures.

ByBernard Kardon decided to retire and sold his interest in the company to Sidney Lego Company Profile. As the sole head of Harman Kardon, Harman continued to make the company a technical leader in Hi-Fi products.

Sidney Harman would change the company's name to Harman International, but the receivers, tuners and amplifiers were still branded Harman Kardon. The products continue to be branded as Harman Kardon to the present day.

InHarman Kardon introduced one of the first stereo receivers, the Festival TA, once again aimed at non-technical users with the intention of making high-fidelity stereo widely available. Stereo sound was achieved by using one channel from the AM band, and one channel from the FM band.

This early form of stereophonic reception was called simulcast stereo. Early FM broadcast signals did not have the stereo carrier pilot signal that carried the stereo left and right channels.

After the stereo signal standard was established, a stereo multiplex circuit connected to or built into the receiver was used to decode the stereo signal. Scott in with introduction of the Model tuner. InHarman Kardon marketed the Citation II, Virginia Surety Company early ultra wideband stereophonic tube amplifier.

These harmonics interact with other frequencies to produce audible secondary sounds or interference. Harman Kardon promoted the design in audio magazines and product brochures.

In Harman bought the major speaker manufacturer JBL. The Dolby noise reduction system significantly reduced noise due to the narrow track width and slow tape speed of the cassette, allowing the cassette deck to become a high fidelity product.

Harman Kardon's design goal is to have the highest possible design quality for the price, rather than unnecessary features. The Harman Kardon model seriesA, B and C from is an example of the company's design philosophy, a basic no frills stereo transistor receiver but with excellent performance in its class.

It Harman International Audio Company still sought by audio collectors as a quality basic Hi-Fi receiver. As US law required appointees to have no direct business interests in day-to-day activities, Harman had to sell the company.

Under Beatrice Foods, Harman International turned away from the company's earlier policy of advancing Hi-Fi design and marketing of products that appealed to audiophiles. The Citation XX amplifier was called "the world's best-sounding power amplifier" by the editors of The Audio Critic magazine. Matti Otala who discovered transient intermodulation distortion TIM in [7] and worked to mitigate its effects in the following years.

The Citation XX was a project to get the best possible measurements of output signals, and the Burris Equipment Company Waukegan Il perceived sound. After the Carter presidency, Harman regained ownership of Harman International. However, the receiver group was not included in the purchase because Beatrice Foods previously sold the group to the Japanese company Shin-Shirasuna.

The Harman Kardon receiver group was the heart of Harman International, and in Harman purchased the receiver group and returned Harman International to its pre form. From toHarman Kardon worked to develop digital processing for audio products.

In the company introduced the CDR-2 compact disc recorder, Company Front Page Design first with 4X high speed dubbing. Harman retired from Harman International in at the age of Harman Kardon partnered with Apple to design and manufacture these products.

Apple did the industrial design and mechanical engineering to have the product fit into the Apple product family. This product won an Industrial Design Excellence Awards gold award [11] and was featured on the cover Hs Awning And Tent Company I. The SoundSticks II were a minor upgrade, with the addition of capacitive volume control buttons and a 3. However, it retains the wires between the speakers.

Harman Kardon has made desktop computer speakers. Harman Kardon has Harman International Audio Company made laptop speakers, which have been used in certain models of ToshibaAcer notebooks, Asus laptops, Apple iMacs and Huawei's M5 tablets. InHarman Kardon released a smart speaker, powered by the Microsoft Cortana virtual assistant, called Invoke. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: SoundSticks. Flick of the Switch. Retrieved Volume 18, Issue 3, Septemberpp.

Retrieved 26 September Archived from the original on Industrial Designers Society of America. Retrieved 6 December WK2 Jeeps. Retrieved 27 August Harman International. A subsidiary of Samsung Electronics. Lee Mark Levinson. Samsung Electronics. Bada Tizen. Apple Inc. Samsung Electronics Co. Categories : Audio amplifier manufacturers Compact Disc player manufacturers Consumer electronics brands Harman International Industries In-car entertainment Loudspeaker manufacturers Phonograph manufacturers History of radio American businesspeople Companies based in Stamford, Connecticut.

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Harman International - Wikipedia

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