William Hawkins fl. Hawkins travelled to Agra to negotiate consent for a factory from Emperor Jahangir in The eldest son of William Hawkins or Hawkyns d. In October he was nominated, apparently at the request of his uncle, then treasurer of the navy, as lieutenant to Edward Fentonappointed to command an expedition for the East Indies and China, which sailed from England in May Notwithstanding Hector Ship East India Company connection between Fenton and John Hawkyns, who had married sisters, there was from the first a bad feeling between him and William Hawkyns, arising partly no doubt out of jealousy of the claims which had been put forward on behalf of young Hawkyns to command the expedition over Fenton's head; partly also, it may be, out of the insolent and insubordinate conduct of Hawkyns himself; the feeling was doubtless intensified by the formal instruction to Fenton not to remove him "but upon just cause cause duly proved and by consent of your assistants".

When the little fleet was sailing from Plymouth, Hawkyns was still on shore, and Fenton put to sea without him; he was brought out in the Francisone of the squadron, and put on board his own ship, the Leicester.

Throughout the voyage the captain and the lieutenant seem to have quarrelled and thwarted each other on every occasion, and the Leicester finally arrived in the Thames with Hawkyns in irons. It does not appear that John Hawkyns gave his nephew any support in this quarrel; for five years afterwards he was on terms of confidential friendship with Fenton. Hawkyns may probably be identified with the William Hawkyns who, incommanded the Advice on the coast of Ireland; and again with the William Hawkyns who, incommanded the Griffin against the Spanish Armada.

It has been suggested that the commander of the Griffin was his father, then mayor of Plymouth; but this is impossible, for on 19 July the Griffin was at sea with Sir Francis Drake, and the mayor of Plymouth was on shore collecting reinforcements. Hawkins was, however, not an uncommon Devonshire name, and it is quite possible that the commander of the Advice or Griffin belonged to some other family. This William Hawkyns, on arriving at Surat, proceeded accordingly to Agra and the court of the Great Mogul Jahangirwhich he reached in Apriland where he remained for nearly three years.

His favour with the emperor enabled him to overcome all difficulties, and the required license was given; it was the first distinct recognition of English commerce in the East.

Jahangir was desirous of attaching him to the country and to his interests, and pressed him to marry a maid out of the palace. Such a wife could also ensure that his food was not poisoned since Jahangir had already told the Jesuits that if Hawkins "dyed Josh Flagg Company an extraordinary casualtie, they should rue for it.

Afterwards, having fallen into some disfavour with the emperor, he was allowed to depart, and in this the Portuguese readily assisted him. At Bantam he went on board the Thomaspart of the fleet under the overall command of John Sarisand in her sailed for England.

She touched at the Cape of Good Hope in Apriland on the passage home, probably near the end of it, Hawkyns died. His remains were brought to Ireland and buried there.

This Hawkyns was certainly a man of superior ability, and rendered valuable service to English commerce in procuring its formal recognition at Surat. But his identification with the nephew of Sir John Hawkyns is very unsatisfactory. It is not based on any evidence; and, indeed, what little evidence there is seems to point the opposite way. Fenton's lieutenant, if only by reason of his name and family, was a man of some consequence, and it is difficult to conceive that he could have been to the West Indies, or have gained experience in the East without any record remaining.

Fenton's lieutenant had not a brother Charlesnor yet brothers Giles or Roger; the Mogul's friend seems to have had all three. A good deal Umbrella Design Company said in about the inheritance of the widow of Captain Hawkyns who died, apparently intestate, on board the Thomasbut nothing was claimed for any daughters by a former marriage.

Another point is this: when, on the passage out inCaptain Keeling called a council to consider the advisability of touching at Sierra Leoneit was resolved to do so, Hector Ship East India Company "Sir Francis Drake and Captain Denver Baking Company had made a favourable report" of it; but not a word was said about the much greater experience and knowledge of Sir John Hawkyns.

All which tends to the conclusion that the Hawkyns of East Indian distinction was not the son and grandson of the mayors of Plymouth. Hawkins married Mariam Khan, an Armenian Christian who was the daughter of an influential merchant in the court of the Mughal Emperor Qq Company Email by whom he does not seem to have had issue. Dictionary of National Biography.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. English sea captain and merchant b. Canny, Nicholas ed. Oxford University Press. Stanford University Press. Early Modern England and Islamic Worlds. Palgrave Macmillan US. Categories : British East India Company people.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Ships of the East India Company - Three Decks

Ships of the East India Company What you will find in the search results. This website is about ships which were in the East India Company's merchant service, which operated from 1600 to 1834. Sometimes the vessels were employed by the Company only for a short time as an interlude from being more normally employed elsewhere.…

EAST INDIA COMPANY FACTORY RECORDS Sources from the ...

EAST INDIA COMPANY FACTORY RECORDS Sources from the British Library, London. Part 3: Fort St George (Madras) Fort St George (Madras) Factory Records, 1655-1704. The East India Company arrived first at Surat, India in 1608 in the ship Hector commanded by William Hawkins and within a few years had established a permanent factory there. Surat was the port used by the textile manufacturers of ...…

EAST INDIA COMPANY FACTORY RECORDS Sources from the ...

EAST INDIA COMPANY FACTORY RECORDS Sources from the British Library, London . Part 4: Fort St George (Madras), 1669-1758 History of Fort St George (Madras) The East India Company arrived first at Surat, India in 1608 in the ship “Hector” commanded by William Hawkins and within a few years had established a permanent factory there.…

The East India Company Journal of Anthony Marlowe, …

of the nascent East India Company. The Hector was the former Levant Company ves-sel that, in 1599, carried Thomas Dallam’s gift of an organ to Sultan Muhammed III, who viewed the ship at close range offTopkapi Palace. In August 1608, while the com-pany’s flagship, the Red Dragon —formerly the Malice Scourge, the Earl of Cumber-…