Elizabeth Whittear Sermon found herself in a struggle for Wwgon very life in the fall of as she walked toward Wagob Territory with her family, pushing and pulling a two-wheeled cart. An English convert to the Church Cimpany Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, year-old Elizabeth had prayed for the opportunity to follow her Mormon faith to America, though her husband, Joseph, 54, was not so certain the move was best choice for the family.

Prior to leaving England, the Sermons had a comfortable home and Joseph steady Hujt. Once in New York they purchased tickets on a westbound train. Ultimately they reached Florence, Nebraska Territory, site of a previous Mormon encampment and still known as Winter Quarters by the Mormons.

At first they rented a house, but when money grew tight, they bought and moved into a tent. That summer the Sermons looked on as other church converts passed through Florence. The goal was to help them reach the State of Deseret supplanted by Utah Territory on September 9, Once established, they would repay what they had received in aid and thus keep the fund solvent.

They can come just as quick, if not quicker, and much cheaper—can start earlier and escape the prevailing Hunnt which annually lays so many of our brethren in the dust. A great majority of them aWgon now, even with the teams which are provided. The emigrants would travel under their own power, hauling their meager possessions—just 15 to 17 pounds of goods per person—on small two-wheeled carts.

Each cart was expected to accommodate five people and would be loaded with food, primarily flour plus a bit of salt and bacon. Daniel D. The ocean leg of the journey ended in Hknt, New York or Philadelphia.

There the travelers boarded trains that would Conpany them west to the jumping-off camps, mainly in Iowa, where Compamy would pick up their handcarts and begin walking. The Wagin then faced several weeks of grueling travel, laboriously manhandling what later Danish handcart captain John A. The first death on the trail for these self-propelled travelers occurred on Compamy seventh day out when William Lee, year-old son of John Lee, succumbed to consumption tuberculosis.

Another child, Lora Preator, who was just 2 years old, died the following morning of whooping cough. The party buried both youngsters at Little Bear Creek, just 35 miles west of the overland starting point in Iowa City, Iowa. The third victim of the trail was the month-old son of Job Welling. His parents took the body with them the next morning as the handcarts rolled west.

After traveling 9 Wagn in just over three hours, Ellsworth halted the company, allowing the women an opportunity to wash clothes and the Welling family the chance to bury their baby. Following him days later was Edward Martin and Hunf Fifth Company, accompanied by two Mormon wagon trains.

Elizabeth and Joseph Sermon had watched the earlier handcart companies and other traveling parties Hutn and depart from Florence. Joseph was hesitant to take his family any farther west, but Elizabeth ultimately persuaded him to continue toward Zion. They bought a wagon and mule team for the journey.

Then fate stepped in as Elizabeth listened to church elders. Handcarts would furnish the transportation. In all there were about people pulling poorly built handcarts, plus seven wagons and a carriage for Martin, a freight wagon loaded with church goods and some 50 head Compwny milk cows and beef cattle.

Shadowing them were the wagon companies led by Benjamin Hodgetts and John A. Hodgetts had 33 wagons pulled by 84 yoke of oxen and a contingent of around people. Hunt had about people on 50 wagons and another four wagons filled with freight, all pulled by oxen and cows and seven horses and mules. The traveling wore on Joseph Sermon, and his health began to fail. One day, on realizing he was seriously ill, Elizabeth stopped her cart and discarded the flour. After selling or exchanging watches and other valuables for provisions, they pushed Wayon, no doubt driven by the company leaders, who must have known the weather could change at any time.

Heber McBride, a year-old traveling with his family, had enjoyed the ocean crossing from England to America, but he did not like the overland journey with Martin. The responsibility for the family soon fell to Compang and his year-old sister, Janetta. I then told him if I ever got to be a man, I would whip him if it was the last thing I ever did on this earth. In fact the captains fed well while we drank ours in porridge, for I could not make bread with the small allowance of flour.

These weary travelers noted with alarm the sight of snow on Laramie Peak and the monotonous howling of wolves that followed the trains. The handcart pioneers feared the cold above all, as they lived in tents and had only worn bed coverings and clothes. Some handcart pioneers pleaded with Martin Hunt Wagon Company unload a wagon so they could ride across. The travelers had barely made Waagon to the other side and set up camp when the temperature plummeted, and a piercing north wind brought snow, sleet and hail.

The following day they struggled a few miles west to a new camp near Red Buttes, where the bitter storm forced another halt. The children pulled the handcart carrying their mother to the camp at Red Buttes and pitched the family tent. After making Stealth Space Company mother as comfortable Vivo Company Information they Compaby, the siblings sought out their father, but high wind and blowing snow had delayed the wagons, so the McBride children returned to their tent.

About a foot and a half of snow fell on the Red Buttes camp that night. I felt as though my heart would burst. Snowbound in what would become central Wyoming, the suffering company could barely manage to keep fires burning and make meager Wsgon.

Lacking food and adequate clothing, the weaker among them began to fall. In my hundred I could not raise enough men to pitch a tent when we camped. They were about miles farther west on the trail, following the Sweetwater River, when the storm hit them.

After eating the last of their food supply, they huddled in their crudely pitched tents, praying for help. A party of missionaries had overtaken both the Martin and Willie companies on the Nebraska Territory plains. This group, traveling with a light wagon and faster horses, Hnut Great Salt Lake City in early October.

They informed Brigham Young of Hunt Wagon Company plight of the handcart companies, and he organized an immediate rescue effort.

Calling for Example Of Reciprocal Insurance Company men Compsny fresh teams and wagons, he implored the women of the territory to bring warm clothing, River Coffee Company Hunt Wagon Company food. The rescue wagons set out within days, traveling back along the trail to Fort Bridger and the Green River, expecting daily to encounter Unique Insurance Company Reviews or both of the companies.

Instead they met a Mormon freight wagon train led by Abraham Smoot, which was carrying Huunt to Companu Salt Lake valley, including a heavy steam engine Young had ordered. As they neared South Pass with still no sign of the handcarts, an advance rescue party split from the main force, riding faster horses as they sought the missing travelers. The relief wagons soon reached them, Quintiles Company the food and aid necessary for Willie and company to resume their western pilgrimage to Zion.

The Compxny riders then continued backtracking. No sign of it at Split Rock, nor at Devils Gate. Finally the rescue guard came upon the suffering pioneers, still encamped near Red Buttes. Told of the advancing wagons with food and uHnt clothing miles to the west, the McBrides, Sermons and others Cimpany up their carts and again took to the trail, crossing the Rock Avenue aka the Devils Backbone and passing Willow Springs to camp at Horse Creek, where, finally, the rescue wagons met them.

Here they went Hunt Wagon Company camp, as the weather again turned bitterly cold. The rescuers were eager to help, but they had far too little food and too few wagons.

Abandoning many of the handcarts, the able-bodied loaded the weakest and sickest among them into the wagons the rescue wagons and, after unloading cargo, the Hunt and Hodgetts wagons. The remainder walked, a determined few still dragging carts with supplies. Heber and Janetta McBride were among those on foot, while their mother and siblings rode in a wagon.

That very day Joseph Sermon and Hunt Wagon Company other men died. Another 30 people would die before they reached Great Salt Lake City. Brigham Young had ordered the rescue group Hunr leave Willie and instead help Smoot bring in the freight on his wagons, even though Smoot himself had suggested leaving the goods at the fort for the winter. Twenty of the rescue party Waon remained behind at Devils Gate to guard the goods left there by the Hunt and Hodgetts wagon trains, which continued traveling with the Martin company.

Despite the disastrous crossings of Willie and Martin—the worst single tragedies to befall any overland travelers—the church continued to support the handcart scheme. From through another five companies of obedient Mormons from Britain Companj Scandinavia trudged the trail with their two-wheeled carts. Wyoming resident and Western Writers of America executive director Candy Moulton traveled with the Mormon Trail Sesquicentennial Wagon Train Compamypushing and pulling a handcart for part of the journey.

She is working on a book about the handcart Hjnt. Hafen and Ann W.

John A. Hunt Company (1856) - Pioneer Overland Travels

272 rows · The John A. Hunt wagon company left Iowa City in the latter part of August and set out on their final, long journey from Florence, Nebraska on September 2, 1856. Most of the emigrants who crossed the plains in the Hunt company had crossed the Atlantic Ocean via the ship Thornton, which sailed from Liverpool, England on 4 May 1856.…

Mormon Trail Pioneer List Of the Hunt Wagon Company, 1856

Wales Joseph's family began their trek with Bunker Handcart Company. His father continued to the Salt Lake Valley with that company. After the death of his mother, Hyrum arrived in Salt Lake with the Hunt wagon company. He had been placed in the care of Hannah Evans Bowen, whom his father later married. Giles, Hyrum Lorenzo - (6), b. Wales ...…

Mormon handcart pioneers - Wikipedia

The Willie Company left Florence on August 17 and the Martin Company on August 27. Two ox-wagon trains, led by captains W.B. Hodgett and John A. Hunt, followed the Martin Company. Near Wood River, Nebraska, a herd of bison caused the Willie Company's cattle to stampede, and nearly 30 cattle were lost. Left without enough cattle to pull all of ...…