A record labelor record companyis a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information. Record labels also provide publicistswho assist performers in gaining positive media coverage, and arrange for their merchandise to be available via stores and other media outlets.

Record labels may be small, localized and " independent " "indie"or they may be part of a large international media groupor somewhere in between. Record labels are often under the control of a corporate umbrella organization called a "music group ". A music group is usually owned by an international conglomerate " holding company ", which often has non-music divisions as well. A music group controls and consists of Unlimited Liability Company Meaning publishing companies, record sound recording manufacturers, record distributors, and record labels.

Record companies manufacturers, distributors, and labels may also constitute a "record group" which is, in turn, controlled by a music group. The constituent companies in a music group or record group are sometimes marketed as being "divisions" of the group. From tothere were six major record labels, known as the Big Six: [ citation needed ].

Record labels and music publishers that are not under the control of the big three are generally considered to be independent indieeven if they are large corporations with complex structures. Independent labels usually do not enjoy the resources available to the "big three" and as such will often lag behind them in market shares.

However, frequently independent artists manage a return by recording for a much smaller production cost of a typical big label release. Sometimes they are able to recoup their initial advance even with much lower sales numbers. On occasion, established artists, once their record contract has finished, move to an independent label. Similarly, Madonna 's Maverick Records started by Madonna with her manager and another partner was to come under control of Warner Music when Madonna divested herself of controlling shares in the company.

Some independent labels become successful enough that major record companies negotiate contracts to either distribute music for the label or in some Lwbel, purchase the label completely. A label used as a trademark or brand and not a company is called an imprinta term used for the same concept in publishing.

An imprint is sometimes marketed as being a "project", "unit", or "division" of a record label company, even though there is no legal business structure associated with the imprint. Music collectors often use the term sublabel to refer to either an imprint or a subordinate label company such as those within a group.

However, such definitions Struchure complicated by the corporate mergers that occurred in when Island was sold to PolyGram and when PolyGram merged with Universal.

Island remained registered as corporations in both the United States and UKbut control Recoed its brands changed hands multiple times as new companies were Zadco Company, diminishing the corporation's distinction as the "parent" of any sublabels. My Ami is the early imprint of Columbia records. However, not all labels dedicated to particular artists are completely superficial in origin.

Many artists, early in their careers, create their own labels which are later bought out by a bigger company. If this is the case it can sometimes give the artist greater freedom than if they were signed directly to the big label.

A label typically enters into an exclusive recording contract with an artist to market the artist's recordings in return for royalties on the selling price of the recordings. Contracts may extend over short or long durations, and may or may not refer to specific recordings. Records provides a strong counterexample, [7] as does Roger McGuinn 's claim, made in July before a US Senate committee, that the Byrds never received any of the royalties they had been promised Strucrure their biggest hits, " Mr.

Tambourine Man " and " Turn! A contract either provides for the artist to deliver completed recordings to the label, or for the label to undertake the recording with the artist.

For artists without a recording history, the label is often involved in selecting producers, recording studiosadditional musicians, and songs to be recorded, and may supervise the output of recording sessions.

Recorv established artists, a label is usually less involved in the recording Record Label Company Structure. The relationship between record labels and artists can be a difficult one. Many artists have had albums altered or censored in some way by the labels before they are released—songs being edited, artwork or titles being changed, etc. Often the record label's decisions are prudent ones from a commercial perspective, but these decisions may Labbel artists who feel that their art is being diminished or misrepresented by such actions.

In the early days of the recording industry, recording labels were absolutely necessary for the success of any Strycture. In the s, s, and s, many artists were so desperate to sign a contract with a record company that they sometimes ended up signing agreements in which they sold the rights to their recordings to the record label in perpetuity.

Entertainment lawyers are usually employed by artists to discuss contract terms. Through the advances of the Internet the role of labels is 30 Watt Company increasingly changed, as artists are able to freely distribute their own material through web radio, peer to peer file sharing such Strhcture BitTorrentand other services, for little or no cost but with little financial return. Established artists, such as Nine Inch Nails, whose career was developed with major label backing, announced an end to their major label contracts, citing that the uncooperative nature of the recording industry with these new trends is hurting musicians, fans and the industry as a whole.

Radiohead also cited similar motives with the end of their contract with EMI when their album In Recordd was released as a " pay what you want " sales model as an online download, but they also returned to a label for a conventional release. Computers and internet Strudture led to an increase in file sharing and direct-to-fan digital distribution, causing music sales to plummet in recent years. New types of deals are being made with artists called "multiple rights" Strcture "" deals with artists.

A look at an actual deal offered by Atlantic Records to an artist shows a variation of the structure. Atlantic's document offers a conventional cash advance to sign the artist, who would receive a royalty for sales after expenses were recouped. Atlantic would also have the right to approve the act's tour schedule, and the salaries of certain tour and merchandise sales employees hired by the artist.

In addition, the label also offers the artist a 30 percent cut of the label's album Comany any—which represents an improvement from the typical industry royalty of 15 percent. With the Internet now being a viable source for obtaining music, netlabels have emerged. Depending on the ideals of the net label, music files from the artists may be downloaded free of charge or for a fee that is paid via PayPal or other online payment system.

Some of these labels Record Label Company Structure offer hard copy CDs in addition to direct download. Digital Labels are the Compant version of a 'net' label. The new century brought the phenomenon of open-source or open-content record labels. In the mids, some Ariel Atom Company publishing companies began undertaking the work traditionally done by labels.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Brand and trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos.

The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Independent record label. Main article: Vanity label.

Main article: Netlabel. Main article: Open-source record label. Retrieved 29 April Retrieved 20 March Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 3 April Music industry. Concert Concert tour Concert residency Music festival Music competition.

Music award Best-selling music artists Best-selling albums by country Strucyure singles Highest-grossing concert tours Highest-attended concerts Global Recording Artist of the Year. Categories : Record labels Music industry Music videos. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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