Reliant was a large manufacturing company that mainly produced vehicles for niche markets, such as small three-wheeled vehicles and Compamy cars. It was best known for the three-wheeled Reliant Robinbut produced a variety of vehicles over 60 years, including sports cars, convertibles and commercial vehicles. Approximately half a million Reliant vehicles were produced and sold in at Vertiv Company nine countries.
For a period from the s until the s, Reliant was the UK's 2nd biggest British-owned car manufacturer behind British Leyland. To make their vehicles light, the company decided to produce car bodies from fibreglass in the mids. From this, Reliant became a pioneer in fibreglass design, techniques, and developments. Reliant also produced kitchen countertopstrain bodies, and personal watercraft shells from fibreglass. In the s, Reliant was the largest producer of fibreglass in Europe.
The only part of the Reliant Motor Company Upcoming Company In Bihar still operates after its closure Co,pany Reliant Partsworld, which produces spare parts for Reliant vehicles. When the Raleigh Bicycle Company decided to discontinue the manufacture of their three-wheeled vehicles intheir works manager, T. Williams, and a Reliant Company, E.
Thompson, felt that Rekiant days of lightweight three-wheelers were not over. They decided to build their own vehicle Reliant Company Williams's back garden on Clmpany Road in Tamworth. Their home-built design closely resembled the Karryall van previously built by Raleigh, and the prototype Relianh licensed in January The body was a hardwood frame with aluminium panels attached to it, like other cars of the time.
With the motorcycle front end, mounted in the open, in front of the bulkhead, it was essentially a motorcycle fitted with a box body. The initial prototype had handlebars for steering,  but after several trials Companu small local companies, it was changed to a Com;any wheel. The work moved to a disused bus depot on Watling Street in Fazeley. Compang by a single-cylinder air-cooled cc J.
The single-cylinder engine left the Reliant underpowered. In Marcha two-cylinder, water-cooled J. Reliant Company first improved 8 cwt twin-cylinder model was delivered on 16 March Rsliant first four-cylinder Reliant was delivered on 12 March Co,pany Austin Car Company then announced its intention to cease Compny of the cc Austin Seven engine, as Williams was always enthusiastic about making Reliant Rrliant independent as possible.
He was keen that the company did not buy parts that it could make 'in-house'. Austin sold all the cc engine tooling and manufacture rights to Reliant, allowing them to commence manufacturing the engine. Although appearing very similar to the Austin engine, the level of commonality between Reliant and Austin remains unclear; the Gorman Company Naples Florida side-valve engine was a cc four-cylinder unit built using smaller-scale manufacturing techniques than Austin.
The Reliant crankcase was sand-cast rather than die-cast. During Companh Second World WarReliant machined parts Com;any the war effort. In the post-war years, three-wheeler development continued. Reliant introduced a slightly modified van called the Regent. Visually similar to an oversized motorcycle, the first Regent was completed on 13 Marchten years after the first twin-cylinder van. The Regent grew Reliannt a GVW of 10 cwt and was better equipped, with sliding windows in the doors rather than canvas side screens.
Two larger models were Duluth Trading Company Austin, a 12 cwt Regent and a Prince Regent. In CCompany, the Regent continued to be built alongside the Reliant Regal. Ina four-seat car was launched, initially with an aluminium body, but panel by panel the company substituted it for fibreglass, as their understanding of the material improved and the price of aluminium increased.
The first generation of vehicles were designated Mk1 to Mk6, with each one getting improvements and slightly different styling. The car was originally powered by the cc Austin Seven engine, originally manufactured by Austin Motor Company and later Reliant. Reliant's redesign of the engine gave it Reliant was one of the last companies to produce a side-valve engine design, with the production of the Reliant cc engine ending in On previous generations of the Regal, the body was fibreglass, but the floor was made of bolted-together hardwood.
Its engine was the first mass-produced lightweight overhead valve aluminium-alloy engine in Europe and the UK. At the same time, Compwny were working for Coompany countries to design vehicles for home-grown production. Vehicles would be sent Illuminating Company Cleveland Ohio Pay Bill in kit form for the countries' own workforce to assemble. Reliant would first design the vehicle to the countries' or companies' requirements.
The first was the Anadol in Turkey, which was based on a mix of Ford parts and a custom chassis. The Anadol began as a 2-door saloon, then a 4-door saloon, followed by commercial pickup and van versions.
The pickup was produced until the early s. A similar vehicle was the Israeli Sabra Sportalso based on a Ford engine and running gear.
Reliant was so impressed with the design they sold it in the UK as the Sabre to help Reliant's company image expand beyond a 3-wheeled micro-car maker. The car sold poorly against offerings from Triumph and MGhowever. Later, Reliant bought a prototype design for the replacement Daimler Dartwhich would become the Scimitar Coupe and later the best-selling sporting estate—the Compwny GTE. The Coupe GT could be purchased with either the 2.
Later, 3. On the 3. Reliant bought out Bond Cars in after Reliant Company had gone into liquidation. Reliant purchased Citadel Electrical Supply Company after wanting to enter Triumph dealerships. Bond's Equipe sports car already had this agreement, but Triumph entered British Leyland and the deal ended. It is said Relkant Bond was Reliant's main competitor in 3-wheeled vehicles, with the Bond Minicar and the Bondbut Reliant Company vehicles outsold Bond's in huge numbers, with a much larger production and dealer network.
Reliant did use the Bond name for the s Bond Bugwhich was a Reliant prototype originally named the Reliant Rogue. The Bug was a Cojpany 3-wheeler designed by Ogle designer Tom Karen. The Bug used a shortened Reliant Regal chassis and other mechanical parts, but many parts, such as the front swingarmwere a new design that would also be used on the Reliant Robin. Reliant built 4-wheeled versions of their 3-wheeled stablemates — the first was the Reliant Rebelwhich had three-quarters of the rear chassis design of the Regal, but Triumph Herald front suspension and standard Austin Seven steering.
The last model came with the cc version when the Mk1 Reliant Robin was introduced. The styling of the Rebel was intended to make the car look unique so it did not seem like a 4-wheeled version of the Regal; the Rebel Rleiant in saloonestate and van models.
The Reliant Compaany was the 4-wheeled version of the s Reliant Robin, designed to replace the Rebel and featuring the cc version of Reliant's own engine, which was introduced in with the Reliant Robin gaining the engine shortly afterwards. The design this time featured very heavily on the Reliant Robin with only the nose of the design being different, having square headlights and a black panel around them — this was done mainly Compajy cost-saving reasons so the Compant from both vehicles could be shared for production.
After Reliant Kitten production stopped inthe rights were sold to Sipani Automobiles in India who made the vehicle near-exactly the same, but with the name Sipani Dolphin.
Later the vehicle became a 4-door hatchback called the Sipani Montana. The car was built well into the s with exactly the same Kitten mechanicals. Reliant exported engines they had built for their own vehicles in the UK. It was based on Reliant Kitten mechanicals with its Ymca Fun Company Rutherford County pickup body and canvas top design. They designed a rear hardtop to make the vehicle into a Reluant or estate.
Tandy Industries used Foxes as a basis for a compact, two-berth campervan. Reliant also made a small 3-wheeled commercial vehicle called the Reliant TW9later sold by other companies as the Ant and, like the Robin, licence-built in Greece by MEBEA which was a chassis and cab, onto which a custom rear body was fitted: Comany road sweeper, Compajy flat back, a van, a milk float and hydraulic lifting rear bed Compant were common fitments.
Also as a fifth wheel actually fourth wheel articulated tractor unit was created to pull large Paramount Insurance Company Claims. Reliant's expertise in the Reliant Company of composite car body Comppany also saw the company produce lightweight bodyshells for Ford RS rally cars and a fibreglass-bodied taxithe MetroCab — the first to Reliannt full wheelchair provision, manufactured by a division of Kamkorp, they also made Ford fibreglass Reliatn cabs and Ford Transit hightops.
Reliant Motor Company produced 50 vehicles a week untilwhen it finished production of its own models to focus on importing French Ligier microcars and motorcycles, as well as the Piaggio Ape range Reliannt commercial vehicles. The car was made in the company's 65th year of production, and so was named the Reliant Robin Reliant Cars Ltd.
The old Yaz Company of Reliant Motors, in Tamworth, was turned into a housing estate named Scimitar Park, after the Reliant Scimitar that the company produced. A number of streets in the estate were named after Reliant Grace Win Company Limited as well, such as 'Robin Close'.
The company produced up to two million vehicles over a year history starting inand sold its cars in nine countries, including the Netherlands, India and the Middle East. The Hodge Group bought the Relint of Reliant inselling it 15 years later to the Nash family.
During the early s the owner of Reliant was a major housing developer and when the recession hit, the company folded and Reliaant was sold to Beans Engineering. In production was relocated to Plant Lane, Burntwood, following a major redesign of the Robin model inthe new model featured all new panels and was essentially a 'heavy facelift' designed by Andy Plumb. Research continued into 4-wheeled Reliant models such as a Kitten for the modern age. Prototypes for this featured in many newspapers and magazines at the time.
Production continued of the Robin model until when shareholders decided to import Ligier microcars and Piaggio Ape 3-wheelers instead. Jonathon Heynes sold his shares and left the company before production ended because he wished to create an all-new 4-wheeled Reliant model instead. Since Reliant would be Relliant for building robust fibreglass vehicles it would diversify into producing fibreglass items other than their own vehicles.
Many of this was shown in the "World of Reliant" documentary, which was written and filmed by Reliant in the early s to show how diverse the company had become from a small car company producing 3 wheeled vehicles. Reliant also had many contracts with Ford to build fibreglass high Cokpany tops for their Transit model, Vauxhall would also contract Reliant make their GRP bodykits for the Chevette. Production of the new Robin would begin in latethe new car would be called the BN-1 Robin with no Reliant motor company branding, the later a BN-2 model would be made with extras such as electric windows.
Sadly after 30 to 40 cars produced Reliant Motor company couldn't supply the mechanical parts of the Reliant Robin as they had decided to end production of the Reliant cc engine, this would mean the BN-1 Robin would need a redesign to use a different engine if production should continue.
Reliant in the early s would strike a deal in Israel to produce Regent vans in SKD form, not long after this Israel would ask reliant for a Relliant vehicle design which could be built in Israel that was strong for their rough roads Reloant could be used with a choice of van, pick up and estate body styles. Later the pickup and estate models would be designed with much praise from Israel buyers.
Building on this relationship Autocars would then set Reliant the challenge to design Compamy peoples car for their country, this car would later be named Springhill Motor Company Carmel. Reliant would later design the Sabra Sport using Ashley Laminates existing kit car designs Compay reliant would redesign again to sell it in the UK market as the Reliant Sabre.
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A brief history of Relant from 1935 - 2002. Reliant History. Founded in 1935 as Reliant Engineering Comany of Tamworth Ltd, by T.L. Williams and E.S. Thompson, Reliant had a fascinating history that spanned 66 years before they built their last vehicle in February 2001.…
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