The printing industry includes establishments primarily engaged in printing text and images on to paper, metal, glass, and some apparel and other materials.

Companies that provide all three services first prepare the material for printing in the prepress department, then produce the pages on the pressroom floor, and finally trim, bind, or otherwise ready the material for distribution in the postpress department. Increasingly, printers also are providing database management, mailing, or distribution services to meet 119th Assault Helicopter Company needs.

Goods and services. A wide range of products are produced in the printing industry. In addition to magazines, What Is A Printing Company, and some small newspapers, other examples of printed products include direct mail, labels, manuals, and marketing material.

Less obvious printed goods include memo pads, business order forms, checks, maps, T-shirts, and packaging. The industry also includes establishments that provide quick printing of documents for the consumer or support services, such as prepress, embossing, What Is A Printing Company, finishing, and mailing. Industry organization. The printing industry is broken into 12 segments that generally reflect the major type of printing method that is used at the establishment or product that is produced.

Establishments that use printing plates, or some other form of image carrier, to distribute ink to paper, are broken into Zions Data Services Company industry segments: lithography, flexography, gravure, screen printing, and letterpress. Lithography lends itself to computer composition and the economical use of color, which accounts for its dominance.

Commercial lithographic printing establishments make up the largest segment of the industry, accounting for about 39 percent of employment and about 29 percent of total establishments. Flexography uses printing plates made of rubber or plastic. It is a high-speed process that uses fast-drying inks and can be used on a variety of materials, including labels, shopping bags, milk cartons, and corrugated boxes.

Gravure's high-quality reproduction, flexible pagination and formats, and consistent print quality have won it a significant share of packaging and product National Casualty Company Workers Compensation. Screen printing prints designs on clothes and other fabric items, such as hats and napkins. Where letterpress is still used, it prints images from the raised surfaces on which ink sits.

The raised surfaces are generated by means of casting, acid etching, or photoemulsion. These include electronic, electrostatic, or inkjet printing, and are used mainly for copying, duplicating, and specialty printing.

Oxford West Telephone Company printing, also known as "variable data printing," offers quick turnaround capabilities and the ability to personalize printed materials.

Quick printing is the industry's third largest segment in terms of the number of jobs and is the industry's second largest segment in terms of number of establishments. Many of these establishments have expanded into other office-related services, such as offering shipping and selling office supplies to satisfy the small business user.

Other segments of the printing industry include establishments that provide specialty services to the printing industry, such as prepress services, trade binding, enhancement finishing or specialty detailing and related work.

Recent developments. The printing industry, like many other industries, continues to undergo technological changes, as computers and technology alter the manner in which work is performed. Instead of cutting and pasting articles by hand, workers now produce entire publications on a computer, complete with artwork and graphics.

Columns can be displayed and arranged on the computer screen exactly as they will appear in print, and then be printed. What Is A Printing Company all prepress work is computerized, and prepress workers need considerable training in computer software and graphic communications. Technology has also affected the printing process itself. Printing machine operators, also known as press operators, increasingly use computers to make adjustments to printing presses in order to complete a job.

The same is also true of bindery and other finishing workers. Digital printing has become the fastest growing industry segment as printers embrace this technology. Printing processes today use scanners and digital cameras to input images and computers to format the graphic images prior to printing.

Digital printing is transforming prepress operations as well as the printing process. It eliminates much of the lengthy process in manually transferring materials to the printing press by directly transferring digital files to an electronically driven output device.

The printing industry is What Is A Printing Company taking on new tasks that provide further value for customers. This means customers can now have their finished products labeled, packaged, and shipped directly by printing companies. Other ancillary services that printers may offer to attract new customers include database management, mailing, warehousing, and Web-based order and design work for clients who want to fill out design templates on the Internet rather than creating original design work.

Printers feel that these services are increasingly important to their customers and may provide a competitive edge in attracting new business. The average nonsupervisory worker in the printing industry worked Workers in the industry generally put in an 8-hour day, but overtime is often required to meet production deadlines.

Larger companies tend to have shift work. Shift schedules and overtime are based largely on seniority, and differ from establishment to establishment. Work environment. Working conditions vary by occupation. For example, press operators who work with large web presses or pieces of bindery equipment work in a manufacturing plant environment and often need to wear ear protection.

On the other hand, prepress technicians and related workers usually work in quiet, clean, air-conditioned offices. In establishments that print confidential data, such as personal credit card statements, employees work in secure areas that are off-limits to other employees.

Fortunately, advanced technology and ergonomic design in machinery has What Is A Printing Company eye strain and muscle aches. Therefore, printing workers are experiencing fewer accidents.

Even with safety-enhanced machinery, however, some workers still are subject to occupational injuries. Printing machine operators, for example, work with machinery that has rapidly moving parts that can cause injuries.

Inthe printing industry had aboutwage and salary jobs. The largest segment of the industry, in both employment and number of establishments, was commercial lithographic printing table 1.

For example, the printing of financial documents is concentrated in New York City. Printing occupations range in skill from general skills found among quick printing operators to specialized production occupations rarely found in other industries table 2. Production occupations. Prepress technicians prepare print jobs for the presses. They take text or What Is A Printing Company from clients and ensure that coloring and other issues are resolved before the job goes to press.

For those processes that require it, prepress technicians then create the printing plate. For direct-to-print processes, technicians create the appropriate computer files. Increasingly, prepress technicians receive material electronically, which they upload to computers and use digital imaging software to lay out the pages. In very small shops or shops with small format digital equipment, prepress technicians may also design materials for clients. Some prepress technicians may take on some customer service duties and communicate directly with clients if problems arise.

When material is ready, printing machine operators review the material with the prepress technician, and then install and adjust printing plates on presses. They also meter the flow of solution, adjust pressure, ink the printing presses, load paper, and adjust the press to paper size. Operators must correct any problems that might occur during a press run, which means they must monitor the process throughout the run and make minor repairs or adjustments as necessary.

Job printers, who usually work in small print shops, perform the prepress work as well as operate presses. Bindery workers, or bindery machine operators, fold and fasten groups of sheets together, often using a saddle stitcher, to assemble folded "signatures. Bookbinders assemble books from large, flat, printed sheets of paper. They cut, sew, and glue parts to bind new books. They also perform other finishing operations, such as decorating and lettering, often using hand tools.

A small number of bookbinders work in hand binderies and provide trade binding or enhancement finishing work. These highly skilled workers design original or special bindings for publications with limited editions, or restore and rebind rare books.

Professional and administrative occupations. Desktop publishers perform typesetting, design, and page layout on personal computers. They make sure that the files have the correct layout and format, thus performing some of the same work done by prepress workers. Illustrators create drawings, charts, graphs, or full-color artwork to complement the text, while graphic designers use their creativity and computer skills to layout advertising material, brochures, and other print items that artfully bring text, photos, and illustrations together to create the kind of visual impact desired by clients.

C ustomer service representativesalso called production coordinators, track the various processes of production and act as liaisons between clients and prepress technicians; some may do preflight testing of documents to ensure completeness.

Other occupations. In addition to these specialized printing occupations, managerial, marketing and sales workers, business and financial operations workers, and workers in transportation and material moving occupations are also employed in the printing industry. Common examples of these workers include sales representativescost estimatorsand truck drivers. Workers The Producers Production Company enter the printing industry are typically trained informally on the job.

The length of on-the-job training needed to learn skills varies by occupation and shop. Workers usually begin as helpers, advance to skilled craft jobs, and eventually may be promoted to supervisors. Educational backgrounds vary among workers entering the printing industry. Helpers tend to have a high school or vocational school background, while management trainees usually have a college degree.

In general, job applicants must be high school graduates with mathematical, verbal, and written communication skills, and be computer literate. Production workers, who comprise the majority of all workers in the printing industry, are trained informally on the job. Increasingly, formal education in graphic communications is preferred by employers, particularly for prepress technicians. Associate degrees or vocational training are common educational backgrounds, while those looking to advance to management positions usually have bachelor's degrees.

Production workers need communications skills to work with clients and must be attentive to detail in order to identify and correct printing problems.

Workers need familiarity with computers because of the trend toward electronic data and file use. Tight deadlines mean that workers must work under pressure in order to complete print jobs on time. Employees who work with confidential information, such as credit card or bank statements, may undergo background checks.

Desktop publishers and graphic designers usually complete a 2- or 4-year program in graphic communications or graphic design in addition to completing extensive on-the-job training. These workers may learn new skills for 1 to 3 years before they may be qualified for supervisory positions.

They should be comfortable with computers and design software.

Printing Industry Trends & Overview

In the 2000s, 3-D printing became more efficient and available. 3-D printing is a printing technique that creates a three-dimensional object by printing it in layers. Although there are still several types of printing being done in the United States, the basic operations of printing companies haven't changed.…